The IF function is a powerful function in Google Sheets that allows you to perform logical tests and return different results based on the outcome of the test. The syntax for the IF function is:

=IF(test, value_if_true, value_if_false)

The test is a logical expression that returns either TRUE or FALSE. If the test is TRUE, the IF function will return the value specified in value_if_true. If the test is FALSE, the IF function will return the value specified in value_if_false.

For example, consider the following formula:

=IF(A1>10, “Greater than 10”, “Less than or equal to 10”)

This formula will test the value in cell A1 and return “Greater than 10” if the value is greater than 10, or “Less than or equal to 10” if the value is less than or equal to 10.

You can also use the IF function to perform multiple tests by nesting multiple IF functions inside each other. For example:

=IF(A1>10, “Greater than 10”, IF(A1>5, “Greater than 5”, “Less than or equal to 5”))

This formula will test the value in cell A1 and return “Greater than 10” if the value is greater than 10, “Greater than 5” if the value is greater than 5 but less than or equal to 10, or “Less than or equal to 5” if the value is less than or equal to 5.

You can use the IF function in combination with other functions and operators to create more complex formulas and perform a wide variety of calculations.